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Tuesday, 11 July 2023 00:00

Education for Podiatrists

Podiatry is a field of medicine that specializes in the disorders and treatment of the feet and ankles. There are several painful conditions that can affect the feet, including plantar fasciitis, heel spurs, and ingrown toenails. There are various branches of podiatry that can range from performing foot surgery to working in a hospital or clinic setting. Interested candidates pursuing podiatry will go through an extensive education process. This can begin with obtaining a bachelor's degree, followed by completing a four-year program in a podiatric medical school. At this time, the student will earn a DPM, which is the abbreviation for a Doctor of Podiatric Medicine degree. A residency program begins after the DPM is obtained, and lasts for three years. This will give the student an opportunity to work in podiatry, in addition to learning pertinent information about medicine. If you think you may want to pursue a career in podiatry, it is suggested that you meet with this type of doctor who can answer any questions you may have.

If you are experiencing pain in the feet or ankles, don’t join the stubborn majority refusing treatment. Feel free to contact Dr. Gordon Fosdick from Affiliated Foot Care Center. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Podiatrist?

Someone would seek the care of a podiatrist if they have suffered a foot injury or have common foot ailments such as heal spurs, bunions, arch problems, deformities, ingrown toenails, corns, foot and ankle problems, etc.

Podiatric Treatment

A podiatrist will treat the problematic areas of the feet, ankle or lower leg by prescribing the following:

  • Physical therapy
  • Drugs
  • Orthotic inserts or soles
  • Surgery on lower extremity fractures

A common podiatric procedure a podiatrist will use is a scanner or force plate which will allow the podiatrist to know the designs of orthotics. Patients are then told to follow a series of tasks to complete the treatment. The computer will scan the foot a see which areas show weight distribution and pressure points. The podiatrist will read the analysis and then determine which treatment plans are available.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Middlefield and Wallingford, CT . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about What is a Podiatrist?
Tuesday, 04 July 2023 00:00

Hammertoe Surgery

A hammertoe occurs when one of the three middle toes bends upward at the middle joint. Corns and calluses that can develop on the hammertoe can make wearing shoes and walking uncomfortable. If lifestyle changes, such as wearing wider shoes, using shoe inserts, or doing stretching and strengthening toe exercises do not help, surgery can be considered to correct a hammertoe. Hammertoe surgery is not a good option for those who have poor circulation in their feet, have a foot infection, or have other health problems making surgery a risk. If considered a good candidate for this surgery, it is typically a procedure that can be done as an outpatient under general anesthesia or using numbing medications. If the hammertoe is still somewhat flexible, a tendon transfer involving redirecting tendons from the bottom of the toe to the top where it is bent can be done to straighten the toe. If the hammertoe is fixed or rigid, a joint resection or fusion can be done. Joint resection is when tendons and ligaments are cut to help straighten the toe and the end of the bone is cut off so the toe can be fully extended. In fusion surgery, the ligaments and tendons are also cut but the two bones forming the affected joint are also cut for straightening the toe. If you have a painful hammertoe, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist to see if more conservative treatment is possible or whether surgery is an option for you.

Foot surgery is sometimes necessary to treat a foot ailment. To learn more, contact Dr. Gordon Fosdick of Affiliated Foot Care Center. Our doctor will assist you with all of your foot and ankle needs.

When Is Surgery Necessary?

Foot and ankle surgery is generally reserved for cases in which less invasive, conservative procedures have failed to alleviate the problem. Some of the cases in which surgery may be necessary include:

  • Removing foot deformities like bunions and bone spurs
  • Severe arthritis that has caused bone issues
  • Cosmetic reconstruction

What Types of Surgery Are There?

The type of surgery you receive will depend on the nature of the problem you have. Some of the possible surgeries include:

  • Bunionectomy for painful bunions
  • Surgical fusion for realignment of bones
  • Neuropathy decompression surgery to treat nerve damage

Benefits of Surgery

Although surgery is usually a last resort, it can provide more complete pain relief compared to non-surgical methods and may allow you to finally resume full activity.

Surgical techniques have also become increasingly sophisticated. Techniques like endoscopic surgery allow for smaller incisions and faster recovery times.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Middlefield and Wallingford, CT . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Foot and Ankle Surgery
Tuesday, 27 June 2023 00:00

Treatment for a Broken Toe

Common reasons people can break a toe can include a heavy object dropping on one of them, or it may happen from stubbing it into a piece of furniture. There is no mistaking a broken toe when it happens, as there is immediate pain, bruising, and swelling. Additionally, it is often difficult to walk, and mild relief may be found when the foot is frequently elevated. It is beneficial to have an X-ray performed which can confirm the fracture, and determine its severity. Patients may find success in using the buddy taping method as a possible remedy for their broken toe. This is done by taping the affected toe to the toe next to it, which can generally provide the stability that is needed as it heals. Severely broken toes may have a bone protruding from them and will require medical attention. If you have a broken toe, it is suggested that you visit a podiatrist who can correctly diagnose it, and offer the treatment method that is right for you.

A broken toe can be very painful and lead to complications if not properly fixed. If you have any concerns about your feet, contact Dr. Gordon Fosdick from Affiliated Foot Care Center. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What to Know About a Broken Toe

Although most people try to avoid foot trauma such as banging, stubbing, or dropping heavy objects on their feet, the unfortunate fact is that it is a common occurrence. Given the fact that toes are positioned in front of the feet, they typically sustain the brunt of such trauma. When trauma occurs to a toe, the result can be a painful break (fracture).

Symptoms of a Broken Toe

  • Throbbing pain
  • Swelling
  • Bruising on the skin and toenail
  • The inability to move the toe
  • Toe appears crooked or disfigured
  • Tingling or numbness in the toe

Generally, it is best to stay off of the injured toe with the affected foot elevated.

Severe toe fractures may be treated with a splint, cast, and in some cases, minor surgery. Due to its position and the pressure it endures with daily activity, future complications can occur if the big toe is not properly treated.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Middlefield and Wallingford, CT . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about What to Know About a Broken Toe
Tuesday, 20 June 2023 00:00

Foot Pain From Treadmill Running

When running on a treadmill, the feet may begin to ache. The first thing to do is to check your form and relax your body from head to toe with the goal of removing any tension. Next, it is important to make sure you are running at your fitness level and have the core muscle strength to sustain the intensity of the workout. If this is the issue, it is suggested that you reduce volume and speed to be more in line with your current abilities and build up from there. The incline of the treadmill may lead to foot pain, particularly when combined with speed and intensity.  Treadmill speed, breath, and heart rate can give you good clues as to whether you are overextending yourself. Your breathing should not be labored. Notice if your foot pain corresponds to the incline of the treadmill and adjust. Of course, foot pain while running on the treadmill may be related to the shoes you are wearing, which may not fit well or be appropriate for this activity. If your foot pain continues or worsens, and if it is also present when you are not running on the treadmill, it is suggested that you visit a podiatrist for an evaluation and recommendations to prevent and treat your discomfort.

Sports related foot and ankle injuries require proper treatment before players can go back to their regular routines. For more information, contact Dr. Gordon Fosdick of Affiliated Foot Care Center. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Sports Related Foot and Ankle Injuries

Foot and ankle injuries are a common occurrence when it comes to athletes of any sport. While many athletes dismiss the initial aches and pains, the truth is that ignoring potential foot and ankle injuries can lead to serious problems. As athletes continue to place pressure and strain the area further, a mild injury can turn into something as serious as a rupture and may lead to a permanent disability. There are many factors that contribute to sports related foot and ankle injuries, which include failure to warm up properly, not providing support or wearing bad footwear. Common injuries and conditions athletes face, including:

  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Plantar Fasciosis
  • Achilles Tendinitis
  • Achilles Tendon Rupture
  • Ankle Sprains

Sports related injuries are commonly treated using the RICE method. This includes rest, applying ice to the injured area, compression and elevating the ankle. More serious sprains and injuries may require surgery, which could include arthroscopic and reconstructive surgery. Rehabilitation and therapy may also be required in order to get any recovering athlete to become fully functional again. Any unusual aches and pains an athlete sustains must be evaluated by a licensed, reputable medical professional.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Middlefield and Wallingford, CT . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Sports Related Foot and Ankle Injuries
Tuesday, 13 June 2023 00:00

Various Reasons for Ankle Pain

The common symptoms that are generally associated with ankle pain include stiffness, pain, and swelling. There is no mistaking an ankle injury and it can temporarily halt everyday activities. Ankle pain can occur from unexpectedly stepping off of a curb or in people who run frequently. Running can cause consistent pressure on the ankle bones and joints. The ankle may gradually weaken and pain may ensue. Many times an X-ray is taken which can rule out a broken ankle. It is beneficial to elevate the ankle, preferably above the heart, to help reduce swelling. Once the ankle begins to heal, specific stretches can be done to strengthen the ankle. If you have ankle pain, it is strongly suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can determine the cause and offer the treatment methods that are right for you.

Ankle pain can have many different causes and the pain may potentially be serious. If you have ankle pain, consult with Dr. Gordon Fosdick from Affiliated Foot Care Center. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Ankle pain is any condition that causes pain in the ankle. Due to the fact that the ankle consists of tendons, muscles, bones, and ligaments, ankle pain can come from a number of different conditions.

Causes

The most common causes of ankle pain include:

  • Types of arthritis (rheumatoid, osteoarthritis, and gout)
  • Ankle sprains
  • Broken ankles
  • Achilles tendinitis
  • Achilles tendon rupture
  • Stress fractures
  • Tarsal tunnel syndrome
  • Plantar fasciitis

Symptoms

Symptoms of ankle injury vary based upon the condition. Pain may include general pain and discomfort, swelling, aching, redness, bruising, burning or stabbing sensations, and/or loss of sensation.

Diagnosis

Due to the wide variety of potential causes of ankle pain, podiatrists will utilize a number of different methods to properly diagnose ankle pain. This can include asking for personal and family medical histories and of any recent injuries. Further diagnosis may include sensation tests, a physical examination, and potentially x-rays or other imaging tests.

Treatment

Just as the range of causes varies widely, so do treatments. Some more common treatments are rest, ice packs, keeping pressure off the foot, orthotics and braces, medication for inflammation and pain, and surgery.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Middlefield and Wallingford, CT . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

 

Read more about Ankle Pain

Suffering from this type of pain? You may have the foot condition known as Morton's neuroma. Morton's neuroma may develop as a result of ill-fitting footwear and existing foot deformities. We can help.

Tuesday, 06 June 2023 00:00

Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury

The most common reason an Achilles tendon injury can happen is overuse. Many runners experience this type of injury, possibly as a result of increasing speed and distance too quickly. Additionally, it may happen from not stretching properly before running or jogging. The Achilles tendon is located in the lower calf area and connects the heel to the calf muscles. This type of injury generally causes severe pain and discomfort and can be challenging to walk. Additional symptoms associated with an Achilles tendon injury can include stiffness, swelling, and a burning sensation. An Achilles tendon injury may cause some patients to feel weak and existing calluses on their feet may change in size. This may be a result of the impact an Achilles tendon injury can have on the skin while walking. If you have incurred this type of injury, it is strongly suggested that you consult with a podiatrist as quickly as possible who can guide you toward the right treatment methods.

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Gordon Fosdick of Affiliated Foot Care Center. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What Are the Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Middlefield and Wallingford, CT . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about The Causes, Types, and Treatments of Achilles Tendon Injuries
Tuesday, 30 May 2023 00:00

A Tell-Tale Symptom of Flat Feet

Flat feet are a common foot ailment that can be easy to observe. While standing up, does the entire foot lie flat on the floor? Most babies are born with flat feet, and the arch generally develops by the teenage years. This may not be the case for some adults, as genetics may contribute to having flat feet. Additionally, if a foot injury has occurred, flat feet may be the result. Many people do not experience pain with flat feet and can complete daily activities. Conversely, flat feet may cause pain and discomfort, and measures can be implemented to help reduce existing pain. These can include performing specific stretches that are tailored for patients with flat feet, in addition to wearing custom-made orthotics. If you have flat feet, it is strongly suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can monitor your balance and general foot health. 

Flatfoot is a condition many people suffer from. If you have flat feet, contact Dr. Gordon Fosdick from Affiliated Foot Care Center. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Are Flat Feet?

Flatfoot is a condition in which the arch of the foot is depressed and the sole of the foot is almost completely in contact with the ground. About 20-30% of the population generally has flat feet because their arches never formed during growth.

Conditions & Problems:

Having flat feet makes it difficult to run or walk because of the stress placed on the ankles.

Alignment – The general alignment of your legs can be disrupted, because the ankles move inward which can cause major discomfort.

Knees – If you have complications with your knees, flat feet can be a contributor to arthritis in that area.  

Symptoms

  • Pain around the heel or arch area
  • Trouble standing on the tip toe
  • Swelling around the inside of the ankle
  • Flat look to one or both feet
  • Having your shoes feel uneven when worn

Treatment

If you are experiencing pain and stress on the foot you may weaken the posterior tibial tendon, which runs around the inside of the ankle. 

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Middlefield and Wallingford, CT . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Flat Feet
Tuesday, 23 May 2023 00:00

Pregnancy Causes Changes to the Feet

The entire body changes during pregnancy, and the feet are no exception. Many women notice their feet have grown, which may be attributed to pregnancy hormones the body produces. As the pregnancy progresses, the feet may become swollen, and the arches may flatten as additional weight is gained. Relief may be found when shoes that are worn have a low heel and healthy foods are consumed. It is helpful to refrain from eating salty foods, and frequently elevating the feet may reduce the swelling. Swollen feet may also be a symptom of poor circulation, which may happen from the body recirculating extra fluid that is needed by the growing fetus. It is beneficial to stay as active as possible, drink plenty of water daily, and sleep on the left side. If you have additional questions about how pregnancy can affect the feet, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can address any concerns you may have.

Pregnant women with swollen feet can be treated with a variety of different methods that are readily available. For more information about other cures for swollen feet during pregnancy, consult with Dr. Gordon Fosdick from Affiliated Foot Care Center. Our doctor will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs.

What Foot Problems Can Arise During Pregnancy?

One problem that can occur is overpronation, which occurs when the arch of the foot flattens and tends to roll inward.  This can cause pain and discomfort in your heels while you’re walking or even just standing up, trying to support your baby.  

Another problem is edema, or swelling in the extremities. This often affects the feet during pregnancy but tends to occur in the later stages. 

How Can I Keep My Feet Healthy During Pregnancy?

  • Wearing orthotics can provide extra support for the feet and help distribute weight evenly
  • Minimize the amount of time spent walking barefoot
  • Wear shoes with good arch support
  • Wear shoes that allow for good circulation to the feet
  • Elevate feet if you experience swelling
  • Massage your feet
  • Get regular, light exercise, such as walking, to promote blood circulation to the feet

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Middlefield and Wallingford, CT . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Foot Care for Pregnant Women
Tuesday, 16 May 2023 00:00

Facts About Bone Spurs on the Feet

Bone spurs can form on any joint, but the feet are a common location, especially for patients who are 60 years old or above. The reason for this is that bone spurs, medically known as osteophytes, generally take years to grow. They are most often found on the ankle, heel, or big toe. Bone spurs form when bones rub against each other, which is generally the result of wear and tear of a joint, combined with the loss of the cartilage that separates the bones. People with osteoarthritis frequently develop bone spurs. Young athletes may develop bone spurs from injuries that occur during sports. Symptoms of a bone spur include aching pain that worsens with activity, swelling, tingling and numbness, or stiffness. In many cases, however, bone spurs may form without displaying any symptoms at all. An X-ray is thought to be the best way to determine if you have a bone spur. Treatment for bone spurs may include wearing protective padding in the shoes, having cortisone injections, losing weight, and doing certain foot exercises. In some cases, surgery may be a remedy. For more information on how to deal with bone spurs, it is suggested that you visit a podiatrist.

Foot Pain

Foot pain can be extremely painful and debilitating. If you have a foot pain, consult with Dr. Gordon Fosdick from Affiliated Foot Care Center. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Causes

Foot pain is a very broad condition that could be caused by one or more ailments. The most common include:

  • Bunions
  • Hammertoes
  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Bone Spurs
  • Corns
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Ingrown Toenails
  • Arthritis (such as Gout, Rheumatoid, and Osteoarthritis)
  • Flat Feet
  • Injury (from stress fractures, broken toe, foot, ankle, Achilles tendon ruptures, and sprains)
  • And more

Diagnosis

To figure out the cause of foot pain, podiatrists utilize several different methods. This can range from simple visual inspections and sensation tests to X-rays and MRI scans. Prior medical history, family medical history, and any recent physical traumatic events will all be taken into consideration for a proper diagnosis.

Treatment

Treatment depends upon the cause of the foot pain. Whether it is resting, staying off the foot, or having surgery; podiatrists have a number of treatment options available for foot pain.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Middlefield and Wallingford, CT . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Foot Pain
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