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Diabetic peripheral neuropathy is a common complication of type 1 and 2 diabetes. It occurs when high blood sugar levels damage the nerves extending from the brain and spinal cord to various body parts, including the feet. This condition primarily affects the peripheral nerves, which control sensations and movements in the arms, legs, hands, and feet. Characteristics of diabetic peripheral neuropathy are numbing and tingling sensations, loss of feeling in affected areas, and burning or shooting pain. Additional symptoms include muscle weakness, coordination problems, or foot and leg complications. Treatment options may consist of medications to manage pain, exercise to improve strength and coordination, and lifestyle modifications to prevent complications. Studies suggest that low-level laser therapy for peripheral neuropathy may improve pain and other symptoms, such as sensory function. Laser therapy has also been shown to increase foot temperature, suggesting improved microcirculation. If you suffer from diabetic neuropathy, make an appointment with a podiatrist to discuss which treatment is best for you.

Neuropathy

Neuropathy can be a potentially serious condition, especially if it is left undiagnosed. If you have any concerns that you may be experiencing nerve loss in your feet, consult with Dr. Gordon Fosdick from Affiliated Foot Care Center. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment for neuropathy.

What Is Neuropathy?

Neuropathy is a condition that leads to damage to the nerves in the body. Peripheral neuropathy, or neuropathy that affects your peripheral nervous system, usually occurs in the feet. Neuropathy can be triggered by a number of different causes. Such causes include diabetes, infections, cancers, disorders, and toxic substances.

Symptoms of Neuropathy Include:

  • Numbness
  • Sensation loss
  • Prickling and tingling sensations
  • Throbbing, freezing, burning pains
  • Muscle weakness

Those with diabetes are at serious risk due to being unable to feel an ulcer on their feet. Diabetics usually also suffer from poor blood circulation. This can lead to the wound not healing, infections occurring, and the limb may have to be amputated.

Treatment

To treat neuropathy in the foot, podiatrists will first diagnose the cause of the neuropathy. Figuring out the underlying cause of the neuropathy will allow the podiatrist to prescribe the best treatment, whether it be caused by diabetes, toxic substance exposure, infection, etc. If the nerve has not died, then it’s possible that sensation may be able to return to the foot.

Pain medication may be issued for pain. Electrical nerve stimulation can be used to stimulate nerves. If the neuropathy is caused from pressure on the nerves, then surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Middlefield and Wallingford, CT . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Sever's disease, also known as calcaneal apophysitis, is a prevalent heel condition that mainly affects children and adolescents during their growth spurts. Contrary to its name, it's not an actual disease, but rather an overuse injury characterized by inflammation of the growth plate in the heel bone, or calcaneus. Sever's disease generally strikes during the pre-teen and teenage years when the heel bone is still developing. The rapid growth of bones and muscles can lead to tension and stress on the heel's growth plate, resulting in pain and discomfort. This pain is typically experienced in the back of the heel, especially during activities such as running, jumping, or walking. Sever's disease is more common in active youngsters, particularly those involved in sports with repetitive impact on the heel. While it can be painful and frustrating, it is generally a self-limiting condition that tends to resolve once the growth plate fully matures. If your child has heel pain, it is suggested that you contact a podiatrist who can accurately diagnose and treat Sever’s disease. 

Sever's disease often occurs in children and teens. If your child is experiencing foot or ankle pain, see Dr. Gordon Fosdick from Affiliated Foot Care Center. Our doctor can treat your child’s foot and ankle needs.

Sever’s Disease

Sever’s disease is also known as calcaneal apophysitis, which is a medical condition that causes heel pain I none or both feet. The disease is known to affect children between the ages of 8 and 14.

Sever’s disease occurs when part of the child’s heel known as the growth plate (calcaneal epiphysis) is attached to the Achilles tendon. This area can suffer injury when the muscles and tendons of the growing foot do not keep pace with bone growth. Therefore, the constant pain which one experiences at the back of the heel will make the child unable to put any weight on the heel. The child is then forced to walk on their toes.

Symptoms

Acute pain – Pain associated with Sever’s disease is usually felt in the heel when the child engages in physical activity such as walking, jumping and or running.

Highly active – Children who are very active are among the most susceptible in experiencing Sever’s disease, because of the stress and tension placed on their feet.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Middlefield and Wallingford, CT . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle injuries.

Read more about Sever's Disease
Tuesday, 12 September 2023 00:00

Proper Shoe Fitting With the Brannock Device

In the world of footwear, there is an indispensable tool known as the Brannock Device. This metal device, patented in 1927 by Charles F. Brannock, has revolutionized how we select and fit shoes. Its significance lies in its ability to provide an accurate measurement of the length and width of one's feet, ensuring that shoes fit properly and comfortably. Proper shoe fitting is more than just a matter of comfort, it is essential for overall foot health. Ill-fitting shoes can lead to problems ranging from blisters and calluses to bunions and posture problems. The Brannock device helps patients and footwear professionals find the perfect fit, promoting proper foot health and preventing future discomfort. If you would like additional information about the Brannock device, it is suggested that you confer with a podiatrist.

Finding a properly-fitting shoe is important in reducing injuries and preventing foot problems. For more information about treatment, contact Dr. Gordon Fosdick from Affiliated Foot Care Center. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Proper Shoe Fitting

A common concern when it comes to foot health, having properly fitted shoes can help prevent injuries to the foot. Out feet affect our posture and gait, which in turn affects the biomechanics and overall bodily structure. With 33 joints, 26 bones, and over 100 ligaments, the potential for serious injury is much greater than one realizes. Although the feet cease growth in adulthood, they still change shape as they mature. Here are some factors to consider when it comes to investing in proper fitting shoes:

  • Be sure the shoes fit correctly right away
  • Ensure the ball of your foot fits comfortably in the widest portion of the shoes
  • Even though they may look fashionable, improper fitting shoes can either create adverse conditions or exacerbate existing ones you may already have
  • Walk along a carpeted surface to ensure the shoes comfortably fit during normal activity

Keeping in mind how shoes fit the biomechanics of your body, properly-fitting shoes are vitally important. Fortunately, it is not difficult to acquire footwear that fits correctly. Be sure to wear shoes that support the overall structure of your body. Do your feet a favor and invest in several pairs of well-fitted shoes today.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Middlefield and Wallingford, CT . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about How to Get a Proper Shoe Fit
Tuesday, 05 September 2023 00:00

Definition and Causes of Bunions

Bunions are bony protrusions at the base of the big toe and are more than just a foot concern as they can impact daily comfort and mobility. Medically known as hallux valgus, bunions develop gradually as the top of the big toe leans toward the second toe, causing the joint to jut out. Genetics play a role, as does wearing improper footwear, like high heels. The constant pressure and friction can exacerbate the misalignment, leading to pain and inflammation. Bunions are not uncommon. They affect a substantial portion of the population, and women tend to be more prone due to footwear choices. Recognizing the early signs like swelling, redness, and discomfort, can prompt proactive measures. Seeking advice from a podiatrist and opting for appropriate footwear can alleviate symptoms and potentially slow down the progression of bunions. If you have developed a bunion, it is strongly suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can offer you preventive, relief, and treatment options.

If you are suffering from bunion pain, contact Dr. Gordon Fosdick of Affiliated Foot Care Center. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.

Causes

  • Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
  • Inflammatory Conditions - rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development

Symptoms

  • Redness and inflammation
  • Pain and tenderness
  • Callus or corns on the bump
  • Restricted motion in the big toe

In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Middlefield and Wallingford, CT . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Bunions
Sunday, 10 September 2023 00:00

Gout Pain Can Be Managed

Gout is a painful, inflammatory form of arthritis. Those affected will typically feel an intense stiffness in the joints of their feet, particularly in the big toe. Schedule a visit to learn about how gout can be managed and treated.

Tuesday, 29 August 2023 00:00

Athlete’s Foot and How It Is Treated

Athlete's foot, medically known as tinea pedis, is a common fungal infection affecting the feet and causing itchy, red, and flaky rashes. This condition, despite its name, can affect anyone not just athletes. It thrives in warm, humid conditions like sweaty feet inside poorly ventilated shoes or walking barefoot in locker rooms or by pool areas. Symptoms can include a rash, itching, skin cracking, and burning sensations, often affecting the area between the fourth and fifth toes. Risk factors include closed shoes, excessive foot sweating, poor hygiene, living in warm environments, and weakened immune systems. Men are more susceptible to athlete’s foot than women. Diagnosis relies on typical symptoms, but tests may be necessary in uncertain cases, including UV examination and skin or nail scrapings. Treatment and prevention involve washing the feet daily, drying the feet thoroughly, and wearing cotton socks and breathable shoes. Medical treatment includes antifungal creams, ointments, or tablets prescribed by a doctor. Early treatment is essential to prevent complications, especially for individuals with underlying health conditions. If you suspect you have athlete’s foot, it is strongly suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist for a diagnosis and treatment plan.

Athlete’s foot is an inconvenient condition that can be easily reduced with the proper treatment. If you have any concerns about your feet and ankles, contact Dr. Gordon Fosdick from Affiliated Foot Care Center.  Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Athlete’s Foot: The Sole Story

Athlete's foot, also known as tinea pedis, can be an extremely contagious foot infection. It is commonly contracted in public changing areas and bathrooms, dormitory style living quarters, around locker rooms and public swimming pools, or anywhere your feet often come into contact with other people.

Solutions to Combat Athlete’s Foot

  • Hydrate your feet by using lotion
  • Exfoliate
  • Buff off nails
  • Use of anti-fungal products
  • Examine your feet and visit your doctor if any suspicious blisters or cuts develop

Athlete’s foot can cause many irritating symptoms such as dry and flaking skin, itching, and redness. Some more severe symptoms can include bleeding and cracked skin, intense itching and burning, and even pain when walking. In the worst cases, Athlete’s foot can cause blistering as well. Speak to your podiatrist for a better understanding of the different causes of Athlete’s foot, as well as help in determining which treatment options are best for you.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Middlefield and Wallingford, CT . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Athlete's Foot
Tuesday, 22 August 2023 00:00

Benefits of Orthotics for Cycling

Cycling offers numerous health benefits, including cardiovascular improvement, enhanced joint mobility, and strengthened leg muscles. However, cycling without the proper footwear also can strain your lower limbs. While regular running shoes are suitable for occasional cyclists, dedicated cyclists who spend hours daily on the road or in the gym require specialized cycling shoes. Orthotics can play a pivotal role in boosting cycling performance as they can help to increase pedal efficiency, enhance power output, and improve foot stability. They also can help to reduce foot fatigue, improve arch support, provide better metatarsal padding, and offer relief from plantar fascial tension. Custom-made shoe insoles are an important consideration for cycling enthusiasts with flat feet, supination, pronation issues, or specific conditions like plantar fasciitis. A podiatrist can make a set of orthotics designed to fit your unique foot structure, using custom molds that mirror the exact shape of the foot. For help with custom shoe inserts made specifically for cycling shoes, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist.

If you are having discomfort in your feet and would like to try orthotics, contact Dr. Gordon Fosdick from Affiliated Foot Care Center. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Are Orthotics?

Orthotics are inserts you can place into your shoes to help with a variety of foot problems such as flat feet or foot pain. Orthotics provide relief and comfort for minor foot and heel pain but can’t correct serious biomechanical problems in your feet.

Over-the-Counter Inserts

Orthotics come in a wide variety of over-the-counter inserts that are used to treat foot pain, heel pain, and minor problems. For example, arch supports can be inserted into your shoes to help correct overarched or flat feet, while gel insoles are often used because they provide comfort and relief from foot and heel pain by alleviating pressure.

Prescription Orthotics

If over-the-counter inserts don’t work for you or if you have a more severe foot concern, it is possible to have your podiatrist prescribe custom orthotics. These high-quality inserts are designed to treat problems such as abnormal motion, plantar fasciitis, and severe forms of heel pain. They can even be used to help patients suffering from diabetes by treating foot ulcers and painful calluses and are usually molded to your feet individually, which allows them to provide full support and comfort.

If you are experiencing minor to severe foot or heel pain, it’s recommended to speak with your podiatrist about the possibilities of using orthotics. A podiatrist can determine which type of orthotic is right for you and allow you to take the first steps towards being pain-free.

If you have any questions please contact our offices located in Middlefield and Wallingford, CT . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Foot Orthotics

Plantar fasciitis is a common foot condition that causes pain in the heel and bottom of the foot. The hallmark symptom is sharp, stabbing pain that is often most noticeable in the morning or after periods of inactivity. Plantar fasciitis occurs when the thick band of tissue that connects the heel bone to the toes, known as the plantar fascia, becomes inflamed or irritated. Several factors can contribute to plantar fasciitis, including overuse, high-impact activities, flat feet, and wearing improper footwear. Treatment typically involves a combination of rest, stretching exercises, physical therapy, and the use of supportive footwear or orthotic inserts. In severe cases, corticosteroid injections or extracorporeal shock wave therapy may be considered. To prevent plantar fasciitis, it is beneficial to maintain a healthy weight, wear appropriate shoes, and avoid excessive high-impact activities. Additionally, it can help to stretch regularly to keep the plantar fascia and surrounding muscles flexible and strong. Early intervention and diligent preventive measures can help alleviate the pain and discomfort associated with plantar fasciitis and promote better foot health. If you have plantar fasciitis, it is strongly suggested that you confer with a podiatrist who can offer treatment options that are best for you.

Plantar fasciitis can be very painful and inconvenient. If you are experiencing heel pain or symptoms of plantar fasciitis, contact Dr. Gordon Fosdick  from Affiliated Foot Care Center. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is Plantar Fasciitis?

Plantar fasciitis is the inflammation of the thick band of tissue that runs along the bottom of your foot, known as the plantar fascia, and causes mild to severe heel pain.

What Causes Plantar Fasciitis?

  • Excessive running
  • Non-supportive shoes
  • Overpronation
  • Repeated stretching and tearing of the plantar fascia

How Can It Be Treated?

  • Conservative measures – anti-inflammatories, ice packs, stretching exercises, physical therapy, orthotic devices
  • Shockwave therapy – sound waves are sent to the affected area to facilitate healing and are usually used for chronic cases of plantar fasciitis
  • Surgery – usually only used as a last resort when all else fails. The plantar fascia can be surgically detached from the heel

While very treatable, plantar fasciitis is definitely not something that should be ignored. Especially in severe cases, speaking to your doctor right away is highly recommended to avoid complications and severe heel pain. Your podiatrist can work with you to provide the appropriate treatment options tailored to your condition.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Middlefield and Wallingford, CT . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Plantar Fasciitis
Friday, 11 August 2023 00:00

Are Bunions Affecting Your Everyday Life?

Have you noticed a bony protrusion on the side of your big toe? If so, you may have developed the foot condition known as a bunion. Don't let bunions interfere with your daily activities.

Tuesday, 08 August 2023 00:00

Causes and Effects of Morton’s Neuroma

Morton's neuroma is a painful condition that affects the nerves in the foot, specifically between the third and fourth toes. The causes of this condition can be attributed to various factors, such as wearing tight, narrow shoes that compress the toes as well as high heels which increase pressure on the forefoot. Additionally, Morton's neuroma may occur from performing repetitive activities that strain the nerves. Mild relief may be found when the shoes that are worn have a wide-toe box and low heels. Wearing specific types of orthotics may be beneficial in alleviating pain and redistributing pressure. Resting the affected foot as often as possible is important to promote healing. If symptoms persist, it is suggested that you contact a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis and a personalized treatment plan to effectively manage Morton's neuroma.

Morton’s neuroma is a very uncomfortable condition to live with. If you think you have Morton’s neuroma, contact Dr. Gordon Fosdick of Affiliated Foot Care Center. Our doctor will attend to all of your foot care needs and answer any of your related questions.  

Morton’s Neuroma

Morton's neuroma is a painful foot condition that commonly affects the areas between the second and third or third and fourth toe, although other areas of the foot are also susceptible. Morton’s neuroma is caused by an inflamed nerve in the foot that is being squeezed and aggravated by surrounding bones.

What Increases the Chances of Having Morton’s Neuroma?

  • Ill-fitting high heels or shoes that add pressure to the toe or foot
  • Jogging, running or any sport that involves constant impact to the foot
  • Flat feet, bunions, and any other foot deformities

Morton’s neuroma is a very treatable condition. Orthotics and shoe inserts can often be used to alleviate the pain on the forefront of the feet. In more severe cases, corticosteroids can also be prescribed. In order to figure out the best treatment for your neuroma, it’s recommended to seek the care of a podiatrist who can diagnose your condition and provide different treatment options.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Middlefield and Wallingford, CT . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Morton's Neuroma
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